Orchards

Several countries still have traditional cider-apple orchards, but have also planted intensive orchards where harvesting is now mechanized.
In France (Normandy and Brittany), in England (South-West and South) and in the North of Spain nearly 18,000 hectares of cider apple trees are currently under cultivation exclusively for the needs of the cider industry.

Research centres specializing in fruit-growing are working together with cider/fruit wine producers to develop new varieties or to improve productivity.
In some parts of Europe, dessert and culinary apples and pears are used in large quantities for the production of cider and perry.